Colors that are not supposed to exist Chimerical, Stygian, Hyperbolic

Chimerical colors don’t appear within the color space of human vision. As the name suggests they are a construct of the mind. They can be created by inducing a natural process of the eye called color fatigue. If you stare at a color for a long time your eye will temporarily displace the colorspace by the opposing color. So if you stare at yellow, then black, for a short time you will perceive that black to contain blue. The color you are seeing is out of the range of visible colors. It is a pitch black blue; thus it is deemed an impossible color. Above are a number of examples of chimerical colors to feast your eyes upon. Continue to stare (without shifting your eyes) at one of the many crosses as the image changes.

When the image changes, the impossible colours should be revealed. Some people will see the colours more easily than others. The above image is on a 30 second delay which seems the best to view the chimera. The brightness of the device you are using to view the images will make a huge difference to the effectiveness, and also the effect will vary from person to person. The intensity of the effect increases with longer viewing durations. Chimerical colours don’t appear within the colour space of human vision. They are a construct of the mind. They can be created by inducing a natural process of the eye called colour fatigue. If you stare at a colour for a long time your eye will temporarily displace the colour space by the opposing colour. So if you stare at yellow, then black, for a short time you will perceive that black to contain blue. The colour you are seeing is out of the range of visible colors.
Chimerical colors include:

Stygian colors: these are simultaneously dark and impossibly saturated. For example, to see "stygian blue": staring at bright yellow causes a dark blue afterimage, then on looking at black, the blue is seen as blue against the black, but due to lack of the usual brightness contrast it seems to be as dark as the black. The eye retina contains some neurons that fire only in the dark. The figure below figure also shows how normal after-image colors are produced. (The "f/p" in this figure stands for fatigue/potentiation.) Look at the "Acquired f/p vectors" which show that when a particular color is stared at for a long time, the opponent cells become fatigued and tend towards the middle of the cube (towards the 50%, 50%, 50% point). Then when the eye glances away to a different color background, that vector starts at the new color and points to the after-image color (see the "Re-situated f/p vector"). This example shows that the after-image color for red is green. Churchland goes on to explain that this theory can predict that it is possible to create a number of after-image colors that would be impossible to see on a real objects. The following diagram shows how to create a blue after-image color that is darker than black (Stygian Blue)


Self-luminous colors: these mimic the effect of a glowing material, even when viewed on a medium such as paper, which can only reflect and not emit its own light. For example, to see "self-luminous red": staring at green causes a red afterimage, then on looking at white, the red is seen against the white and may seem to be brighter than the white.

Hyperbolic colors: these are impossibly highly saturated. For example, to see "hyperbolic orange": staring at bright cyan causes an orange afterimage, then on looking at orange, the resulting orange afterimage seen against the orange background may cause an orange color purer than the purest orange color that can be made by any normally-seen light. Or, staring at something pure magenta in bright sunlight for two minutes or more, and then looking at green leaves, may result in briefly seeing an unnaturally pure green afterimage.
sources: Wittgenstein on color, Goethe on color, Zachary Bosfrank, Heile, Wikipedia, Lindsay Kolowich, heDevilBehindTheLeaves, Aaron. 

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GREENERY PANTONE 15-0343 The secret color cabal






GREENERY The secret color cabal announced PANTONE 15-0343 as the new refreshing and revitalizing shade, Greenery is symbolic of new beginnings. 

Greenery bursts forth in 2017 to provide us with the hope we collectively yearn for amid a complex social and political landscape. A refreshing and revitalizing shade, Greenery is symbolic of new beginnings.Greenery is a fresh and zesty yellow-green shade that evokes the first days of spring when nature’s greens revive, restore and renew. Illustrative of flourishing foliage and the lushness of the great outdoors, the fortifying attributes of Greenery signals consumers to take a deep breath, oxygenate and reinvigorate. Greenery is nature’s neutral. The more submerged people are in modern life, the greater their innate craving to immerse themselves in the physical beauty and inherent unity of the natural world. This shift is reflected by the proliferation of all things expressive of Greenery in daily lives through urban planning, architecture, lifestyle and design choices globally. A constant on the periphery, Greenery is now being pulled to the forefront - it is an omnipresent hue around the world. A life-affirming shade, Greenery is also emblematic of the pursuit of personal passions and vitality. Greenery reflects the emergence of biophilia in office design. A recent global study suggested a 15% boost in employee creativity and well-being and 6% increase in productivity when work spaces are infused with natural elements such as greenery and sunlight.

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 in ASE file format for Adobe® Applications.
sources: leatrese eishman,  Laurie Pressman, procato, research firm Human Spaces






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